Nykøbing Falster City Quiz

Nykøbing Falster City Quiz

This quiz will take you through the oldest part of Nykøbing Falster and introduce you to city life as it has been played out through the centuries. The walk takes about an hour.

Click on your chosen answer. You’ll know straight away if you guessed right – and get to know some more, whatever answer you choose.

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as you normally do on your phone to go back to this page.

 

Let’s start at the Tourist Information – (‘the old grocery shop’) – in Færgestræde. The neighbour of

1. Czarens Hus – The Czar’s House (Langgade 2)

On July 15th, 1716, Czar Peter the Great came to Nykøbing via Gedesby, and all the posh ladies of the town were summoned to the castle to cook for him. He probably wasn’t too happy, because the next day he went to this house – then both inn and post-office – to eat. Since it has been named The Czar’s House in memory of this event. The Czar had rye bread with butter, Dutch cheese, beer, schnaps and wine – and was content. But where did he sleep whilst in Nykøbing?

a.   On his ship that had arrived from Gedesby

b.   At the castle where a suite had been made ready

c.   At the inn where he got the food he liked

 

Continue down Langgade – once the main road through the town.

2. Langgade 18

It is possibly the oldest house in the town and has been a merchant’s home from the very beginning. A very fine example of a renaissance building, this one dating back to probably 1580.  Many people lived here – including a mayor. One owner was directly linked to the Nykøbing F castle. What was his job?

a.   He was the castle steward

b.   He was the castle master mason

c.   He was the castle brewer

If you continue down Langgade, you will arrive at some of the oldest alleys in the town. To the right towards the waterfront is

3. Bastebrostræde

These tiny houses were homes to many people occupied with fishing and seafaring. These poor people who were subject to a kind of corvée (serf labour) that could prevent them from taking care of their own business. They had to

a.   Provide boats to ferry guests for the castle

b.   Cut the ice at the harbour in winter

c.   Do work for the palace like digging ditches etc.

 

Just opposite Bastebrostræde is Store Kirkestræde with an interesting old merchant’s house at the corner. This is the

4. Ritmestergården

– a fine example of a 17th century merchant’s house. Generations of rich traders lived here, selling herring, cloth, iron etc. Sometimes, however, they had to lend out stuff instead of selling it. That happened when orders came from the castle to deliver certain items on loan – usually, because of some grand feast like a wedding. When the heir to the throne was to marry in 1634, the king needed to borrow what?

a.   horses

b.   plates

c.   beds and other furniture

At this junction, Langgade becomes Frisegade.

 

If you continue down Frisegade, you will reach

5. Lille Kirkestræde

This is one of the oldest alleys in the town – possibly from the 1200s, when a chapel was where the cloister church is now. Once there were gardens here. The yellow house at the end – no. 9-11 – was built by the merchant, Bertel Wichmand in 1828 – for what purpose?

a.   Homes for the sick

b.   Homes for widows

c.   Homes for artisans

 

At the end – to the right – is Klosterstræde. Here you’ll find the hospital

6. Hospitalet

This became Nykøbing Hospital at the Reformation in 1532, and the king secured them the income from several parishes. From 1585, seven people were employed to take care of twenty. From 1767, only women were admitted, and in 1834 this was written in a new charter, stating a specific reason. Why only women?

a.   They got along better

b.   Men can’t do housework

c.   Women were worse off

 

At the other side on Kirkepladsen – the church square – is the striking church

7. Klosterkirken

where you can see the impressive family tree of Queen Dowager, Sophie.

In Denmark, the official year of the reformation is 1536, but in Nykøbing it happened in 1532, when the church was given to the town as their parish church. The monastery closed and the monks left – quietly and seemingly with no fuss. The monks did, however, leave something behind – what?

a.   Indulgences

b.   Old clothes

c.   The church silverware

Next to the church is the cloister building

8. Klosterbygningen

This is now the administration of the deanery but once part of the monastery. Later it became the town hall, grammar school and jail, which could cause some rather peculiar problems, probably not known anywhere else. Which?

a.   The pupils couldn’t hear the teacher on account of the screaming of the prisoners

b.   The pupils helped the prisoners escape

c.   The prisoners taught the pupils how to steal

 

From here you can go on to the small square

9. Lilletorv

the junction of several streets. The blue house with the fine gable is said to have been the gardener’s house, then situated at the edge of the castle gardens, right behind Østergågade and Jernbanegade. The gardens provided vegetables, flowers and fruit for the palace. At times, the gardens were not in the best of conditions. Why?

a.   The gardener was from the West Indies and didn’t know the Danish varieties

b.   The townspeople let their animals roam and graze in the gardens

c.   Swedish soldiers stole the fruit trees during the wars with Sweden

 

From here, you can continue down Østergågade – once the street of the poor and the edge of town, with gardens at the back of the houses.

Almost at the end you can peep down Brodt-way – the alley next to the theatre.

 

Then you are almost at the town square

10. Torvet

The square has always been the hub of life and trade – and as now – subject to change. There have been market stalls, parking spaces etc.  Trade is the life blood of a town and – also 100 years ago – there was the issue of opening hours. What might they have been around 1900?

a.   8 am to 4 pm

b.   Sunrise to sundown

c.   7 am to 8 pm

 

At the opposite side of the square, you find this small lane

11. Nobelstræde

In this part of town, you would find the cobbler, Pomerencke, who trained mice – ordinary mice, that is. Here lived ‘Whitebread Dorthe’ and the fortune-teller Madam Liebert, who was very busy. Back then, there were more alleys between Torvet and Grønttorvet – one was Lille Torvestræde (Little Market Lane) which got another name by the townsfolk. Which?

a.   Tobaksstræde – Tobacco Lane

b.   Trommestærde – Drum Lane

c.   Kardemommestræde – Cardemom Lane

The lane takes you to the old

Vegetable Market

From here you may walk stay to do the #12 and then go left back towards the square – or you may go right towards

 

12. Vandmøllepladsen – the watermill square

Once the water mill of the palace was here – along with other service buildings along the moat. Nykøbing palace was big and impressive and prince Christian was always on top of fashions. In the 1600s a curiosity cabinet was the thing to have, so of course he had one at Nykøbing palace. He owned a fabulous treasure. Which one?

a.  The Dannebrog (Danish National Flag) that fell from the sky at Lyndanisse in 1219

b.  One of the Golden Horns

c.  The horn of a unicorn

 

From here – go back towards the square via

 

13.  Slotsgade 7 (Castle Street)

This building used to be the grammar school – the one once housed in the cloister building by the church. The students were rather full of themselves and at one time they ended up in brawl about the seating at the inn/post-office – who were the higher ranking and had first choice. With whom did they fight?

a.   The postmaster

b.   Servants and flunkes

c.   Castle guards

Back at the square you have reached your destination and can take a look down

14. Færgestræde (Ferry Lane)

At the end of Færgestræde – Ferry Lane – there was, of course, a ferry. Until1867, this would take you and your cargo, wagons and animals to the island of Lolland. There were three ferries of various sizes. How did you ‘measure’ the size?

a.   In yards

b.   In horses

c.   In wagons

 

This is the end of the tour of the town. We hope you have enjoyed it.

 

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Research, text and photos: FP Anduin © Historiespor 2019.